Why Arctic Technology?
Arctic Technology is a specialised field in which Finland has strong scientific achievements and considerable doctoral training. Arctic Technology is one of the five research focus areas of the School of Engineering.
As a result of climate change, the industrial and political importance of northern areas is growing significantly, which can be seen in increasing research in Arctic Technology, and also in growing international competition in the field.
The motivation for the Research Centre of Excellence in Arctic Shipping and Operations, arises from the increasing interest in Arctic Oil and Gas exploration and mineral resources.
Current regulations for the design of ice-going ships do not predict the actual safety level; further the required safety level both for ships and offshore installations is unknown.
Consequently, ships transiting ice-infested waters are not designed according to physical measures, i.e. accurate limit states under ice loading, but according to economic measures and empirical design measures.
Offshore installations should be designed according to accurate limit states; however, the actual ice load is uncertain and this is not possible at present. Risk-based design methodologies using first principal methods are required for safe operations and transport of natural resources within and out of the Arctic, because empirical measures are not available and the tendency to minimise expenditure can lead to severe environmental consequences.
The scope of the Joint Research Centre of Excellence for Arctic Shipping and Operations is the holistic treatment of design relevant features and their identification to advance safe arctic operations and transport.